Many of our birdwatching trips to the Colombian Andes are improved by the elegance, color and shape of the orchids we find there. These flowers evolved in such a beautiful way that their forms and perfumes are meant to be admired and observed.
Orchids are the largest family of flowering plants and Colombia has about 4,000 species. They can be found in moors, cloud forests, deserts and the Amazon.
Usually orchids bloom once a year, always around the same time. This is determined by environmental factors such as the decrease or increase in temperature, the increase in daylight hours, seasonal changes and variations in humidity. These environmental factors generate different forms in orchids which attract a wide variety of insects such as bees, wasps, flies, butterflies and moths, as well as hummingbirds and bats for pollination.
Orchids provide value and service to our forest ecosystem, as they help in the food chain by becoming nourishment for many animals and helping to control moisture. Its presence is also a bio-indicator of the ecosystem.
So during our tours, look at them carefully and enjoy their particular details. Each of these flowers has an evolutionary and ecological history in the chain of life and because of that we must protect them. That way they will continue to adorn our forests with their stunning colors and shapes.